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The frontal centre of gravity suggests that these pole weapons were used as javelins.A fossilized horse shoulder blade with a projectile wound, dated to 500,000 years ago, was revealed in a gravel quarry in the village of Boxgrove, England.This marked the first recorded occasion in ancient Greek military history in which a force entirely made up of peltasts had defeated a force of hoplites.The thureophoroi and thorakitai, who gradually replaced the peltasts, carried javelins in addition to a long thrusting spear and a short sword.Javelins were often used as an effective hunting weapon, the strap adding enough power to take down large game.Javelins were also used in the Ancient Olympics and other Panhellenic games.Studies suggested that the wound was probably caused by a javelin.
The word javelin comes from Middle English and it derives from Old French javelin, a diminutive of javelot, which meant spear.
Founded by the Romans, it is one of Germany's oldest cities.
Speyer is dominated by the Speyer Cathedral, a number of churches and the Altpörtel (old gate).
The word javelot probably originated from one of the Celtic languages.
There is archaeological evidence that javelins and throwing sticks were already in use by the last phase of the lower Paleolithic.